Lack of remorse in antisocial personality disorder: sociodemographic correlates, symptomatic present

Escrito por Nuria Querol i Viñas.


Lack of remorse appears to identify at best a modestly more symptomatically severe and violent form of ASPD in nonclinical populations.

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Comprehensive Psychiatry
 
Volume 47, Issue 4 , July-August 2006, Pages 289-297

Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Lack of remorse in antisocial personality disorder: sociodemographic correlates, symptomatic presentation, and comorbidity with Axis I and Axis II disorders in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions

Risë B. Goldstein Corresponding Author Contact Information, a, E-mail The Corresponding Author, Bridget F. Granta, Boji Huanga, Sharon M. Smitha, Frederick S. Stinsona, Deborah A. Dawsona and S. Patricia Choua
 aLaboratory of Epidemiology and Biometry, Division of Intramural Clinical and Biological Research, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD 20892-9304, USA 
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Available online 19 April 2006.

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of this study was to compare sociodemographic and family history correlates, symptomatic presentation, and comorbidity with Axis I and Axis II disorders, in an epidemiologic sample of adults with DSM-IV antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) who lacked, vs those who did not lack, remorse.

Methods

This study is based on a nationally representative sample of adults. Lifetime prevalences of each ASPD diagnostic criterion and each comorbid mood, anxiety, substance use, and personality disorder were estimated. Logistic regression was used to examine associations of lack of remorse with ASPD symptom patterns and comorbid disorders. Diagnoses were made using the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule–DSM-IV Version.

Results

Among the 1422 respondents with ASPD, 728 (51%) lacked remorse. Respondents who lacked remorse were younger and more often reported a family history of drug problems than those who did not. More often than remorse-positive respondents, those who were remorse-negative met diagnostic criteria involving violence against persons and less often met criteria involving offenses against property. Remorse was not associated with cruelty to animals, nor with most nonviolent antisocial behaviors. Remorse-negative respondents endorsed more total lifetime violent behaviors than those who were remorse-positive. Lack of remorse was not associated with any lifetime comorbid Axis I or Axis II disorder. Patterns of findings were generally similar between men and women.

Conclusions

Lack of remorse appears to identify at best a modestly more symptomatically severe and violent form of ASPD in nonclinical populations.

The views and opinions expressed in this report are those of the authors and should not be construed to represent the views of sponsoring organizations, agencies, or the US government.

 REcor.gifCorresponding author. Tel.: +1 301 443 3528; fax: +1 301 443 1400.


Comprehensive Psychiatry

Official Journal of the American Psychopathological Association

The journal provides a forum for clinicians and investigators of markedly divergent concepts, methods and orientations. Clear, concise reports cover developments in clinical and basic investigations as...
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