Recopilación de recomendaciones y artículos sobre corridas de toros y protección del menor.
MINORS AND BULLFIGHTINGDr. Núria Querol Viñas
This is a compilation of data and recommendations following the petition of the League Against Cruel Sports, HIS and Animals and Society Institute before the voting of the ILP BIC at the Spanish Parliament.Minor’s Ombudsman in Spain proposed a series of studies to evaluate the effects of bullfighting in minors. A particular study was conducted in the region of Madrid in 1999: The study concluded that 72% of children did not like bullfighting giving as reasons the death / suffering of the bull. The study also recommended avoiding bullfighting in children who showed empathic attitudes towards animals. Other interesting conclusions were that can bullfighting can increase aggression, anxiety and emotional impact on children, especially under age nine. The fact that a child under 13 years sees a bullfight may result in a desensitization that will lead to indifference to appreciate the bullfights, and they will not be able to have their own criteria. Another finding of the study is that children under 14 have little information about bullfighting issues, and your opinion of them is mainly neutral, tending to negative.
On the other hand, according to the report, children showed more rejection to the end of the corrida, when the bull dies, and also during the stabbings with banderillas, which, according to the children surveyed, is suffering for the animal. Based on these results, the study offers some recommendations "... The child must be accompanied by an adult; making unnecessary cruel comments or avoiding showing expressions of joy are advised. Other fiestas where bulls are the targets such as capeas, running of the bulls, etc. should be avoided, or any other in which adults abuse animals or children are witnesses of this abuse.
In another study by Graña et al. : Two hundred and forty subjects (120 girls and 120 boys) aged between eight and twelve from a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds were selected from three public or private elementary / secondary schools in Madrid, Spain. The first study used a questionnaire to examine the children's attitudes towards bullfighting by looking at their acceptance and cognitive-emotional appraisal of the event. Videotapes of bullfights with differing commentaries were then used, along with a battery of questionnaires, to assess the emotional impact of these events, as well as the impact of narrative explanations on aggression and anxiety. Most children were not very positive about bullfights in the initial questionnaire. Viewing of tapes with ‘festive’ or aggressive dialogues (but not tapes without a justification) resulted in more expressed aggression in boys than girls. There was also evidence that age had a significant effect, and that some children appeared disturbed by the exposure.
Posibles repercusiones psicológicas de las Corridas de Toros en niños menores de 14 años. 1999. http://www.defensordelmenor.org/documentacion/estudios_investigaciones.php
Casamitjana, J. The behaviour of bullfighting bulls. Speech at the Parliament of Catalonia, on March 3rd 2010.
Graña et al. Agressive Behavior Vol. 30, pag. 16-28 (2004) DOI: 10.1002/ab.20005
Lequesne J., Richier JP. El procedimiento de la corrida: punto de vista de un psicólogo. Translated by Galicia, Mellor Sen Touradas" and CAS International.Recommendations by experts http://www.gevha.com/attachments/article/1236/1236_CORRIDAS_DE_TOROS_Y_PROTECCION_DEL_MENOR.pdf
Querol, N. Violence towards animals and implications for the society. Speech at the Parliament of Catalonia, on March 3rd 2010.
Zaldívar, JE. The suffering of the bull during bullfighting: anatomical and metabolic changes. Speech at the Parliament of Catalonia, on March 3rd 2010.