Why Should Medical Doctors Care About Animal Abuse?

Escrito por Nuria Querol i Viñas. Publicado en Violencia Doméstica.


Querol N., Jurjo T. Cirici R., Ripoll A., Cuquerella A., Ascione F., Arkow P., Pintor M., Gaba S., Otazu E.  “Why should medical doctors care about animal abuse?” WONCA 2012 c/o Vienna Medical Academy. Julio 2012. http://www.woncaeurope.org/content/p1029-why-should-medical-doctors-care-about-animal-abuse


N. Querol1,2,3, T. Jurjo1, R. Cirici1, A. Ripoll1, A. Cuquerella4, F. Ascione5,2, P. Arkow6,2, M. Pintor7, S. Gaba8, E. Otazu1; 1Hospital Universitari Mutua Terrassa, St Cugat, Spain, 2The National Link Coalition, Stratford, NJ, United States, 3American Society of Criminology, Division on Critical Criminology- International Green Criminology Work Group, Columbus, OH, United States, 4Institut Medicina Legal, Barcelona, Spain, 5American Humane Endowed Chair Executive Director, Institute for Human-Animal Connection, Denver, CO, United States, 6Chair of Latham Foundation's international Child and Animal Abuse Prevention Project, Philadelphia, PA, United States, 7School of Criminology, Universiy of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, 8Hospital Universitari Mutua Terrassa, Terrassa, Spain.

Over the past 25 years, researchers and professionals in a variety of human services and animal welfare disciplines have established significant correlations between animal abuse, child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, elder abuse and other forms of violence. We will discuss the first studies in Spain about interpersonal violence and cruelty to animals and the legal, medical and social implications. In a sample of inmates we have observed conduct disorder and important lack of empathy, especially in the individuals with a high rate of violence in their felonies including animal abuse. Mc. Donald’s and Pincus’ triads may be useful to evaluate the dangerousness or can be an important indicator for risk assessment. Regarding violence to animals within the context of domestic violence, previous studies reveal that 71% of pet-owning women entering women’s shelters reported that their batterer had injured, maimed, killed or threatened family pets for revenge or to psychologically control victims; 32% reported their children had hurt or killed animals. 68% of battered women reported violence towards their animals. 87% of these incidents occurred in the presence of the women, and 75% in the presence of the children, to psychologically control and coerce them. Mistreating animals is a warning sign that others in the household may not be safe. The Commission against Family and Gender Violence of the Primary Care Centers of Sant Cugat and Valldoreix is developing a Multidisciplinary Program to Attend Women victims of domestic violence and their companion animals. We have established collaboration with SPCAs Fundacion Altarriba and Cau Amic to provide shelter for their companion animals in case it is needed. The results during the first year of evaluation, shows commonalities with other studies.

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