El Uniform Crime Report del FBI incluirá estadísticas sobre maltrato a animales

Escrito por Nuria Querol i Viñas.

UCR-Logo-300 1


Desde 1929, el FBI realiza la recopilación y difusión de leyes federales, estatales, y así como las estadísticas de delincuencia local. Estas estadísticas policiales son claves para tomar decisiones a nivel legislativo o policial (desde aumentar el patrullaje preventivo una determinada zona para reducir el índice de robos residenciales o la promulgación de una legislatura estatal que defina un nuevo delito o modifique las sanciones de uno ya existente. Según el propio FBI : El Programa UCR ha sido el punto de partida para los ejecutivos encargados de hacer cumplir la ley, los estudiantes de la justicia penal, los investigadores, los miembros de los medios de comunicación y el público en general en busca de información sobre la delincuencia en el país.El programa fue concebido en 1929 por la Asociación Internacional de Jefes de Policía para satisfacer la necesidad de estadísticas fiables crimen uniforme de la nación.En 1930, el FBI se encargó de recopilar, publicar y archivar esas estadísticas.

El programa del FBI Uniform Crime Report UCR del FBI no ha incluido los datos relativos a los delitos contra los animales, aunque todo parece que va a cambiar. El comité interno dentro del FBI que propone cambios a las reglas del programa de la UCR aprobó recientemente (y por unanimidad) dos resoluciones que modifican el programa UCR para incluir los delitos contra los animales. Tan sólo queda la aprobación formal del Director del FBI, James B.Comey.

Este hecho ha sido posible gracias al trabajo de Animal Welfare Institute, laAssociation of Prosecuting Attorneys, la Animal Legal Defense Fund y John Thompson, Director de la National Sheriffs’Association.


Update 23rd September

 

FBI Director James Comey Endorses Recommendations to Add Animal Cruelty Crimes to the FBI National Incident Based Reporting System

 
 
 
 
Tuesday, September 23,
 FBI Director James Comey's approval of the APB's reccomendation to include animal cruelty within NIBRS, will provide an important tool to law enforcement. It also will allow law enforcement to form a better understanding of animal cruelty behavior and develop evidence-based policies to reduce violence against animals and also violence against people and communities.

This was a team effort on on the part of many people and organizations and is a monumental paw forward, placing animal cruelty along side the other crimes of violence in our communities!

Animal cruelty crimes will now be reported as a Group A offense to include simple/gross neglect; intentional abuse and torture; organized abuse; and animal sexual abuse. Additionally, cruelty to animals will be defined as:  Intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly taking an action that mistreats or kills any animal without just cause, such as torturing, tormenting, mutilation, maiming, poisoning, or abandonment.  Included are instances of duty to provide care, e.g., shelter, food, water, care if sick or injured; transporting or confining an animal in a manner likely to cause injury or death; causing an animal to fight with another; inflicting excessive or repeated unnecessary pain or suffering, e.g., uses objects to beat or injure an animal.  This definition does not include proper maintenance of animals for show or sport; use of animals for food, lawful hunting, fishing or trapping.

The FBI Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet the need for reliable crime statistics. In 1930, the FBI took charge and started collecting, publishing, and archiving crime statistics. In 1989, they recognized the need for a more detail-oriented crime data collection and the NIBRS was implemented to improve the quantity and quality of crime data collected by law enforcement by capturing more detailed information on each single crime occurrence.

Today overwhelming scientific research has demonstrated the close relationship between animal cruelty crimes and other types of crimes, including interpersonal violence, property crimes, and drug offenses. Often it is a marker of a perpetrator with a higher tendency toward violence. Until recently, violence towards children, the elderly, and other domestic violence had been considered to be unrelated to violence towards animals. The correlation that has now been established between animal abuse, family violence, and other forms of community violence, can be tracked and documented by law enforcement.

"The National Sheriffs' Association is committed to providing law enforcement officers with information about the realities of animal abuse and its close link to other crimes. We are gratified by the FBI's response and Director Comey's commitment to improve public safety," said John Thompson, Interim Executive Director of the National Sheriffs' Association.